Landowners, neighbors, and anyone interested in purchasing land should be aware of Douglas County’s Animal Regulations. It is important to review Section 24 of the Douglas County Zoning Resolution (DCZR) and Planned Development (PD), if applicable, regarding animals to ensure compliance both in quantity and type of animals allowed in your area. This is particularly important if land is used for agricultural, or kenneling and boarding operations. To find out what an area is zoned, please visit the Zone District Map or call Douglas County Planning Services at 303-660-7460. You may also contact Planning Services with any other questions related to animals.
What are the types and categories of animals allowed?
This is a brief summary of the animal regulations and is meant to be used in conjunction with the DCZR:
- Household pets including, but not limited to, dogs and cats shall be permitted in all zone districts allowing for residential use. Kennels, boarding facilities and commercial activities are not allowed. Please see the Zone District Animal Limits table below for more details.
- Poultry, fowl and small livestock shall be properly housed (e.g., chicken coop, rabbit hutch) and located in accordance with the required accessory use setbacks. Please see the setback table below for details.
- Hoofed animals include horses, cattle, mules, llamas, sheep, goats or swine. They are categorized by animal unit and restrictions are shown in the Zone District Animal Limits table below.
- Horse, Mule, Cow, Llama: 1 = 1 animal unit
- Miniature horse, Swine, Sheep, Goat, Alpaca: 4 = 1 animal unit
- Exceptions: Young animals less than 6 months of age shall not count toward the allowable unit.
- Non-domestic or exotic animals are permitted only as a “Use by Special Review” upon approval by the Board of Douglas County Commissioners, in the Agriculture-One (A-1) and Large Rural Residential (LRR) zone districts.
- A non-domestic animal is generally considered to be an animal not normally adapted to live and breed in a tame condition.
- An exotic animal is generally considered to be an animal introduced from another country that is not normally kept as a household pet or farm animal.
Refer to Section 21 Use by Special Review of the DCZR for more information.
Definition of a setback: The required minimum horizontal distance between the location of structures or uses and the related front, side, or rear lot line measured perpendicular to such lot line.
Vegetation requirements apply to all land having permitted livestock. The site, excluding that area which is allowed to be devegetated, must be maintained with vegetative groundcover. Vegetative groundcover includes native or introduced grasses and forbs, but does not include weeds on bare dirt. In areas where exposed shelf-rock or caprock is the natural terrain, this will be considered to be vegetative groundcover.
The maximum land area that may be devegetated is as follows:
All corrals, outdoor arenas, paddocks, run pens, round pens, unpaved or ungraveled parking areas shall be included when calculating the maximum area devegetated. The area within the required minimum setback shall be fully maintained with vegetation. A variance from the above vegetation standards may be sought from the Board of Adjustment.
Waste and Odor Regulations
The following regulations apply to all lands having permitted livestock. County regulations pertaining to nonconforming uses shall not be applicable with respect to waste and odor regulations.
- Remove manure in a regular and reasonable manner, or otherwise compost or spread in such a manner as to protect surface and groundwater, minimize the breeding of flies, and to control odors. Do not bury manure.
- In agricultural zone districts, manure piles shall be set back a minimum distance of 100’ from any lot line, well, stream or body of water.
- In residential zone districts, manure piles shall be set back from the lot line in accordance with the zone district accessory use setback requirements.
- Animals shall not be allowed to create excessive odor problems or present a health hazard to surrounding lands.
- Adequate drainage facilities or improvements shall be provided by the landowner and constructed to protect any adjacent land from run-off containing contaminants, such as sediment or organic waste.
Grazing on fragile land in combination with the semi-arid climate may lead to a loss of vegetation, water contamination and erosion problems. This tends to be more common when maintaining horses and other livestock on smaller parcels of land. Involved stewardship of the land helps to prevent potential damage. The landowner must be sensitive to the number and type of livestock kept, amount of land that is devegetated, and proper management of manure.
The following chart is a simple representation of the amount of time livestock can be pastured without damaging vegetation on the land. Unique land characteristics may further limit grazing capacity. The chart is based on a grazing standard of 30 acres of pasture per head of livestock.
For more specific information regarding successful livestock management on small parcels, please contact one of the following agencies:
Natural Resource Conservation Service
The above information can easily be printed from our Animals Information Packet.